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Amelanchier canadensis

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Common Name: Canadian Serviceberry, Shadbush Serviceberry, Juneberry

Full sun to light shade; wet to moderately dry moisture level; adapted to a wide range of soils including clay; moderately acid to neutral pH.

10-20 feet height by 5-10 feet spread; blooms in spring; white flowers; red to purple fruit ripening in June.

Growth Rate:  Moderate

Maintenance:  Easy to grow.  Infrequent insect and disease problems.

Propagation:  Seed germination code C (90-120).  Moderately difficult to root from cuttings.

Native Region:  Occurs in 12 counties and is concentrated mostly in the Ridge and Valley and the Blue Ridge provinces.

This species is a small, understory tree or large, multi-trunked shrub.  It has fragrant flowers and showy, edible fruit that can be used in jams and jellies.  Is typically found in swamps and low woods in the wild but is adaptable to cultivation.  Has a high wildlife value and is an important food source for birds.  Also attracts bees.

It is often confused with Amelanchier arborea; the nursery trade uses A. canadensis and A. arborea labels interchangeably.  A. canadensis is a suckering shrub with upright stems occurring in bogs and swamps.

Canadian Serviceberry, Shadbush Serviceberry, Juneberry - Amelanchier canadensis
Photo Courtesy of Wikipedia http://www.wikipedia.org/
Canadian Serviceberry, Shadbush Serviceberry, Juneberry - Amelanchier canadensis 3
Photo Courtesy of Prairie Moon Nursery https://www.prairiemoon.com/
Canadian Serviceberry, Shadbush Serviceberry, Juneberry - Amelanchier canadensis 2
Photo Courtesy of Ron Lance, Native and Naturalized Plant of the Carolinas and Georgia, http://www.namethatplant.net/photographs.shtml
Canadian Serviceberry, Shadbush Serviceberry, Juneberry - Amelanchier canadensis 4
Photo Courtesy of Suzanne Long, North Carolina Cooperative Extension, http://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/amelanchier-canadensis/