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Celtis tenuifolia (C. georgiana)

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Common Name: Dwarf Hackberry, Small Sugar Hackberry

Full sun; medium to dry moisture level; tolerates a wide range of soils including loamy, rocky, sandy, and clay; neutral to alkaline pH.

12-25 feet height by 8-15 feet spread; greenish-white flowers in spring; purplish-brown, fleshy fruit, 1/8 – ¼ inch, in fall containing a single, hard stone that encloses a seed.

Growth Rate: Slow to medium

Maintenance: Susceptible to witches’ broom, caused by a small mite, which can be significantly disfiguring but not fatal.

Propagation: Seed germination code C (60-90) at 41 degrees F.

Native Region: Primarily in Middle and East Tennessee and concentrated in the Blue Ridge and Cumberland Plateau provinces

Uncommon to rare, small tree of rocky habitats. High drought tolerance. Fruit attracts birds.

Dwarf Hackberry, Small Sugar Hackberry - Celtis tenuifolia (C. georgiana)
Photo Courtesy Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org
Dwarf Hackberry, Small Sugar Hackberry - Celtis tenuifolia (C. georgiana) 3
Photo Courtesy Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org
Dwarf Hackberry, Small Sugar Hackberry - Celtis tenuifolia (C. georgiana) 4
Photo Courtesy Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org