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Hamamelis virginiana

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Common Name: American Witchhazel, Common Witch Hazel

Sun to light shade; moderately wet to moderately dry moisture level; prefers rich organic soil but tolerates clay soils; ? pH.

8-20 feet height by 8-20 feet spread; blooms in fall; golden yellow flowers; light brown seed capsules that form over a long period into the following growing season.

Growth Rate:  Fast when young

Maintenance:  Easy to grow.  Produces suckers which should be promptly removed to control spread if desired.  No serious insect or disease problems.  Pruning is rarely needed; prune early spring if necessary.

Propagation:  Difficult from cuttings and moderately difficult from seed

Native Region:  Eastern half of state and western portion of the Highland Rim

Large shrub or small tree with a multi-stemmed, vase-shaped habit.  Leaves turn a unique, apricot yellow in fall.  Flowers are showy and fragrant. Flowers in fall when leaves are yellow and falling, so blooms are not as easily seen.  Native to woodlands, forest margins and streambanks.

American Witchhazel, Common Witch Hazel - Hamamelis virginiana 2
Photo Courtesy of Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center http://www.wildflower.org/
American Witchhazel, Common Witch Hazel - Hamamelis virginiana
Photo Courtesy of John Hilty http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/