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Monarda didyma

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Common Name:  Scarlet Bee Balm, Oswego Tea

Full to part sun, moderately wet to medium moisture level, prefers rich humusy soil, acidic pH.  2-4 ft. height, blooms mid to late summer, bright red flowers, spreads readily in a favorable site both by rhizomes and re-seeding.

Germination Code: A

Native Region:  Blue Ridge Province

Striking, colorful wildflower.  Mildew can be a problem but some cultivars, such as ‘Jacob Cline’ are mildew-resistant.  Divide clumps every 3-4 years to prevent overcrowding.  Needs good air circulation to help reduce powdery mildew.  Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.

Scarlet Bee Balm, Oswego Tea - Monarda didyma 3
Photo Courtesy Katie Walberg
Scarlet Bee Balm, Oswego Tea - Monarda didyma 2
Photo Courtesy Katie Walberg
Scarlet Bee Balm, Oswego Tea - Monarda didyma
Photo Courtesy Katie Walberg